On the 14th of June 1949, a rhesus monkey called Albert II was put on the US. V2 rocket and it was launched to space. Albert II made a good record by reaching a distance of 134 kilometers but unfortunately Albert II has died due to a parachute failure. However, he will always be remembered as the first monkey to travel to space.
It is worth mentioning that before sending Albert II, there was an attempt which had Albert I but it failed. In the period of 1950s and 1960s lots of monkeys were sent to space. It is believed that the total number of monkeys that have traveled to space is about 32; including all the different species of monkeys.